PACKAGING

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General Requirements

1. A utensil or container made of the following materials or metals, when used in the preparation,packaging and storing of food shall be deemed to render it unfit for human consumption:—

(a) containers which are rusty;
(b) enameled containers which have become chipped and rusty;
(c) copper or brass containers which are not properly tinned
(d) containers made of aluminium not conforming in chemical composition to IS:20 specification for Cast Aluminium & Aluminium Alloy for utensils or IS:21 specification for Wrought Aluminium and
Aluminium Alloy for utensils.

2. Containers made of plastic materials should conform to the following Indian Standards Specification,used as appliances or receptacles for packing or storing whether partly or wholly, food articles namely :—

(i) IS : 10146 (Specification for Polyethylene in contact with foodstuffs);
(ii) IS : 10142 (Specification for Styrene Polymers in contact with foodstuffs);
(iii) IS : 10151 (Specification for Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), in contact with foodstuffs);
(iv) IS : 10910 (Specification for Polypropylene in contact with foodstuffs);
(v) IS : 11434 (Specification for Ionomer Resins in contact with foodstuffs);
(vi) IS: 11704 Specification for Ethylene Acrylic Acid (EAA) copolymer.

(vii) IS: 12252 – Specification for Poly alkylene terephathalates (PET).
(viii) IS: 12247 – Specification for Nylon 6 Polymer;

(ix) IS: 13601 – Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA);
(x) IS: 13576 – Ethylene Metha Acrylic Acid (EMAA);
(xi) Tin and plastic containers once used, shall not be re-used for packaging of edible oils and fats;
Provided that utensils or containers made of copper though not properly tinned, may be used for the
preparation of sugar confectionery or essential oils and mere use of such utensils or containers shall not
be deemed to render sugar confectionery or essential oils unfit for human consumption.

3. General packaging requirements for Canned products,

(i) All containers shall be securely packed and sealed.
(ii) The exterior of the cans shall be free from major dents, rust, perforations and seam distortions.
(iii) Cans shall be free from leaks.

Product specific requirements

1. Packaging requirements for Milk and Milk Products
(a) Bottling or filling of containers with heat-treated milk and milk product shall be carried out
mechanically and the sealing of the containers shall be carried out automatically.
(b) Wrapping or packaging may not be re-used for dairy products, except where the containers are of a
type which may be re-used after thorough cleaning and disinfecting.
(c) Sealing shall be carried out in the establishment in which the last heat-treatment of drinking milk or
liquid milk-base products has been carried out, immediately after filling, by means of a sealing device
which ensures that the milk is protected from any adverse effects of external origin on its characteristic.
The sealing device shall be so designed that once the container has been opened, the evidence of
opening remains clear and easy to check.
(d) Immediately after packaging, the dairy products shall be placed in the rooms provided for storage.

2. Packaging requirements for Edible oil/ fat:

Tin Plate used for the manufacture of tin containers for packaging edible oils and fats shall conform to
the standards of prime grade quality contained in B.I.S. Standards No. 1993 or 13955 or 9025 or 13954 as amended from time to time and in respect of Tin containers for packaging edible oils and fats shall conform to IS No. 10325 or 10339 as amended from time to time.

3. Packaging requirements for Fruits and Vegetables Products

(i) Every bottle in which any fruit product is packed shall be so sealed that it cannot be opened without
destroying the licensing number and the special identification mark of the manufacture to be displayed
on the top or neck of the bottle.
(ii) For Canned fruits, juices and vegetables, sanitary top cans made up of suitable kind of tin plates shall be used.
(iii) For Bottled fruits, juices and vegetables, only bottles/ jars capable of giving hermetic seal shall be
used.
(iv) Juices, squashes, crush, cordials, syrups, barley waters and other beverages shall be packed in clean
bottles securely sealed. These products when frozen and sold in the form of ice shall be packed in
suitable cartons. Juices and Pulps may be packed in wooden barrels when sulphited.
(v) For packing Preserves, Jams, Jellies, and Marmalades, new cans, clean jars, new canisters, bottles,
chinaware jars, aluminium containers may be used and it shall be securely sealed.
(vi) For Pickles, clean bottles, jars, wooden casks, tin containers covered from inside with polythene
lining of 250 gauge or suitable lacquered cans shall be used.
(vii) For Tomato Ketchups and Sauces, clean bottles shall be used. If acidity does not exceed 0.5% as
acetic acid, open top sanitary cans may also be used.
(viii) Candied fruits and peels and dried fruits and vegetables can be packed in paper bags, cardboard
or wooden boxes, new tins, bottles, jars, aluminium and other suitable approved containers.
(ix) Fruits and Vegetable products can also be packed in aseptic and flexible packaging material having food grade quality conforming to the standards laid down by BIS.

4. Packaging requirements for Canned Meat Products

(i) New sanitary top cans made from suitable kind of tin plate shall be used. The cans shall be lacquered
internally; they shall be sealed hermetically after filling. The lacquer used shall be sulphur resistant and
shall not be soluble in fat or brine.
(ii) Cans used for filling pork luncheon meat shall be coated internally with edible gelatin, lard or lined
with vegetable parchment paper before being filled.
(iii) Meat products packed in hermetically sealed containers shall be processed to withstand spoilage
under commercial conditions of storage and transport.

5. Packaging requirements for Drinking Water (Both Packaged and Mineral Water)

It shall be packed in clean, hygienic, colourless, transparent and tamperproof bottles/containers made of polyethylene (PE) (conforming to IS:10146 or polyvinyl chloride (PVC) conforming to IS : 10151 or
polyalkylene terephthalate (PET and PBT) conforming to IS : 12252 or polypropylene conforming to IS
: 10910 or foodgrade polycarbonate or sterile glass bottles suitable for preventing possible adulteration
or contamination of the water.
All packaging materials of plastic origin shall pass the prescribed overall migration and colour
migration limits.

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