Career is a very important aspect of anyone’s life. Choosing a career in a certain stream defines the future of a student. However, it is difficult for a student to choose a career path at the early age. This article contains some guidance about how to choose a stream after 10th standard. I am giving some information on various streams and career options available for a student in each of the streams. Hope students will find the article helpful in deciding a suitable career option.
Choosing a career in a particular stream or profession right at the beginning has a long lasting impact on a student’s future. It is very important for any student to choose carefully from various options available to him or her vis a vis his or her interest. In order to achieve success, one has to select the path which they like to walk on. Good judgment and right kind of aptitude coupled with guidance in the right direction to pick up a definite stream helps one in choosing the right career option. So from the very beginning a student should be careful in making choice of their stream. As soon as a student reaches 10th standard, some kind of pressure of choosing a career path linger in their mind. Because by then they are at the edge of completing their school life and it is peak time to choose ones career path than ever before.
Agencies responsible in choosing the right career options for a student
Due to existence of variety of options coupled with cut throat competition in the professional field makes one confused as to what to pick up as career options. There are mainly three agencies which are largely responsible for a student’s choosing a career path. These are namely thestudent himself, parents, teachers and career counselors. Among all parents play the most vital role as they understand the real strength of their children and hence can guide suitably.
Role of a student in choosing a career
The role of a student in choosing a career path is very important as it is him or her who has to continue their journey in their chosen path. Though there are no definite tools which can accurately determine what career one should choose yet a few simple steps can help one to make a decision in the right direction.
First, one should jolt down the subjects of interests. The interest should be evaluated with skills necessary to pursue them in the longer term. A detailed strength-weakness analysis can complement to sort out the top rated career options. There should be enough aptitude to make a successful career.
Secondly, one should explore or test the chosen option. One should act in the best possible practical way to find out what really excites him or her.
Thirdly one should consider external factors such as personal responsibilities and their priorities, financial strength to pursue the option and flexibilities in changing the path if in times of uncertainties one can change the career option with minimum obstacles.
Attending career guidance seminars, educational fairs etc can also help a student in knowing the latest development in the outside world apart from the bookish knowledge. Once a student zeros on a particular option they should focus towards their destination with strong fortitude and utmost dedication. They should have a persistent focus towards his or her goal and can seek the help of their teachers, parents and elders.
Role of parents in choosing right career path for their children
Parents have a vital role in building a bright career for their children. Parents should facilitate in exploration of the right career option for their children. However, they should not insist their children to pursue a career of their choice. They can help their children by giving advices of successful people and their career growth and supportive instructions. But they should beunprejudiced to allow their offspring to follow their own dream. If parents try to compel their children to select a stream according to their choice on which their children may not have interest, the result may sometimes be disastrous. So students should always be given preference for their choice and at the same time it should be complemented by advices of the parents. Valuable advices and good wishes of parents help children to forward their step in new path of life.
The best time to decide on career option
The best time to explore career options is the time when one completes his or her high school days. In India, the board examination is the most important time for a student. It is the juncture of taking a right decision on what to choose from the available options.
Key options available for a student after the board examinations
In India, there are a few main streams which are available for a student to choose from. We are not considering here various vocational courses which are designed to provide early employment options to various students. The main streams available for a student after the board examinations of 10th student are as mentioned below
Commerce – Deals with courses on trade and business
Science – Deals with courses in Medical sciences and Engineering
Arts/Humanities – Deals with a very wide range of courses such as History, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, languages, Anthropology, Human Resources, journalism etc.
Courses offered in Commerce stream
Commerce stream can be illustrated as study of trade and business. The stream has been increasingly chosen by large chunk of students after completion of Class 10th standard due its attractiveness in terms of finding early employment and also beginning of entrepreneurship. In the present time, most of the students have a cherished longing to read in this stream. Because they feel this stream provides ample arena of career options to pursue after 12th standard. But in order to make a successful career in Commerce stream one needs to have certain knack in this field of study such as good amount of liking towards numbers and arithmetic.
Subjects which are offered in Commerce stream
There are many degree and diploma courses which encompasses the Commerce stream. Some of the key subjects which are taught in the commerce stream are as below:
Business studies and business law
Some of the popular graduate courses offered through the commerce stream are B.Com, BBA, BMS, BBM, CFA, CA, ICWA, CFP etc. Mostly major commerce colleges offer subjects such as Business economics, financial accounting, Business communication, Marketing, Business law, Business finance, Auditing, Cost accounting, Income tax from which students has to choose their subject of interest. A student has to take total six subjects along with English and one additional subject.
Some important tests for Commerce pursuer after passing 10th standard examination
There are some competitive examinations which can be appeared by a student after passing 10th examination which are mentioned below.
C.S Foundation course
C.A Foundation course
ICWA Foundation course
Bright career option for a Commerce stream pursuers
There is a sea of options in Commerce stream to make a bright career. If a student likes to choose the most widely chosen option, he/she can pursue Bachelor of commerce degree (B. Com) with specialization in any one subject. After completion of graduation one can opt for post graduation (M. com). One can also opt for Ph.D degree on their respective subject which can help in getting a respectable profession such as teaching, research scholar and also in the banking sector.
There are other professional courses which are highly favored in the current day situation. Some of them are as follows:
Chartered accountancy (CA) is one of the most popular choices of a student. The main duty of a chartered accountant is auditing company’s books, stock brokers and income tax assesses. A student who has avid desire to become a chartered accountant should try to join a CA course either after the 10+2 board examination by registering for the Professional Education (PE)-I course (a 10-month course) or after graduating (with the specified percentage) by registering for the PE II course (also 10-months long).
Mater of Business Administration (MBA)is another popular choice among the students. Through the course Students learn how to manage a business professionally and can opt for a degree or diploma in management. The duration of a regular MBA course is 2 years and an Executive MBA course is of 1 year. One can complete their MBA through correspondence also.
Chartered financial analyst (CFA) is another exiting course for Commerce pursuer students. The chief responsibility of a chartered financial analyst is to manage in the areas of financial accounting, management accounting, financial management, investment management, security evaluation, project planning, venture capital management and credit rating. The duration of the course is 3-years after post graduation degree.
Company secretary (CS) is other interesting career which a person has certain liability for ensuring the company meets its statutory obligations. Student can apply for a company secretary course after passing (10+2) examination.
Cost accountant course can take a student who passes the Senior Secondary Examination (under the 10+2 scheme) of a recognized board.
Commerce stream is very useful to one’s career prospects as it encompasses financial markets, economics to the latest management practices. Studying commerce can provide the proficiency and knowledge to even starting one’s own venture.
Science stream offers lucrative career options to students after 12th standard. It opens up the career options in Engineering and Medical sciences. The major subjects that are offered in the Science stream are Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English, Mathematics, Biotechnology, and Computer Science. For anyone who wants to study Engineering has to study Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and those who want to study Medical sciences has to choose Biology as a main subject. A student has to take at least six subjects including English.
Career options for a Science stream pursuer
Students opting for Engineering and Medicalstreams have to qualify entrance examinations conducted by recognized bodies. A few well known entrance test for students opting for the top notch engineering colleges and IITs are AIEEE and ITT-JEE. For others, who opt for Medical / Medicine stream has to qualify entrance exams like NEET ( National Eligibility cum Entrance Test ), AIPMT ( All India Pre Medical Test ), AIIMS ( All India Institute of Medical Sciences ), AFMC ( Armed Forces Medical College ), JIPMER ( Jawaharlal Nehru Post Medical Education and Research ) etc. Before enrollment to the course a student must be comprehensible why he wants to pursue that career, how he will be successful in that career, find out the institutes of related courses, try to gather knowledge about the career options and last test his/her aptitude to appear in the Entrance Exams.
A student can pursue Bachelor of Science degree (B.Sc) taking any science subject as the major subject. Numerous colleges offer specialization in major subjects like as Chemistry, Mathematics, Zoology, Botany, Geology, Physics etc. One can go further and opt for Masters degree (M.Sc) also in their selected subjects after completion of graduation. For further education a student can do Ph.D degree on their particular subjects. Some alluring job option after doing B. Sc or M.Sc areteaching in schools and colleges, Professors (college/university), Scientist, Geologist, Chemists, Mathematician, physicists etc. A science graduate also can apply for UPSC exams, IAS, Banking, insurance exams and gets good jobs
Courses in Medical Sciences
Various courses available for students opting for Medical Sciences are MBBS, BDS, BVS, B. Pharm, D Pharm and Nursing.
M.B.B.S (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) offers courses on Human anatomy. The duration of the course is approximately 5 ½ years which includes one year of internship. Students can opt for Post Graduate specialization in different subjects such as Cardiology, Anesthesiology, Surgery, Dermatology, ENT, Gynecology, Neuro Sciences, Opthamology, Orthopedics and Paediatrics.
B.D.S (Bachelor in Dental Sciences) offers courses in Dental Surgery and duration of the course is 5 years with Internship. After completion of B.D.S one can do the Post Graduation (P.G) in Dental Sciences.
B.V.S (Bachelor in Veterinary Sciences)encompasses courses of the Animal disease, prevention and surgery cases. This course takes 4 1/2 years time with a practical Internship. One can do P.G studies in different specializations after completion of B. V. S course.
Bachelor of Pharmacy (B. Pharm) is also an attractive career prospect one can pursue. It takes 4 years to complete the course. After completion of the course one can start alluring career in departments such as Drugs Research or Production in various Pharmaceutical Industries. If anyone yearns to do Post Graduation (M.Pharmacy) they can chose specialization in subjects such as
c. Pharmaceutical Analysis
d. Pharmaceutical Chemistry
e. Pharm D
Diploma course in Pharmacy (D.Pharmacy)offers a 2 years duration course after which one can start practicing as a Pharmacist in various Medicinal Institutions. One can also opt for further studies such as B.Pharmacy and later M.Pharmacy.
Bachelor in Nursing (B.Sc Nursing) is a 4 year course which covers topics such as healthcare, medicine dispensing and caring of ailing patients.
There are various other courses which students can choose which are indirectly related to Medical / Medicine courses. These are Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, and Bachelor in Physiotherapy, Bachelor in Homeopathic Medicinal Sciences, Bachelor in Homeopathic Medicinal Sciences and Bachelor in Ayurveda Medicinal Sciences.
Biotechnology is a series of enabling technologies involving manipulation of living organisms or their sub cellular components to provide useful products, processes or services for the betterment of mankind. This is 4 year course.
Bioinformatics is a relatively new concept which is related to storage, retrieval and analysis of biological data for drug discovery and drug design. It integrates information technology for processing biological information such as nucleic acid (DNA/RNA), protein sequence and structure. The duration of the course is 4 years or else can also go for B.Sc Bioinformatics where the course duration is 3 years.
B.P.T (Bachelor in Physiotherapy basically studies how to restore the functioning of the body which is affected due to illness like paralysis, injury, shock. The basic duration of the course is 3 years.
B.H.M.S ( Bachelor in Homeopathic Medicinal Sciences offers courses how to increase the self healing power of our body by using medicine which are derived from natural and herbal sources. The duration of the course is 5 1/2 year.
B.A.M.S (Bachelor in Ayurveda Medicinal Sciences) covers courses how to restore the balance of our body without side effects. Main focus of the courses are to regain balance of liver disorders, rheumatic and chronic conditions. The duration of the course is only 3 years.
Engineering as a career option
Engineering has a wide arena of career option. If anyone has an avid desire to pursue his/her career in engineering then they have to pass out 10+2 exam with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and with minimum qualifying marks. There are numerous government and non-government institutes in India which offers courses in various branches of Engineering. Among various colleges, Indian Institute of Technologies (IITs) are the most favored ones among the prospective students. The seven IITs are viz, Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee. Apart from these there are 20 National Institute of Technologies (NITs), couple of IIITs and several private institutes in India which are able to offer a grand platform for making a good career.
Different branches of engineering which boasts great potential for a blooming career in the engineering field are Agricultural Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering, Architecture, Automobile Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Biotechnology, Ceramic Technology, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Genetic Engineering, Industrial & Production Engineering, Instrumentation Engineering, Marine Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Mining Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Plastic Technology, Polymer Engineering, Rubber Technology, Space Technology, Textile Industry etc.
Arts stream as a career option
Arts stream has a wide variety of subjects which can offer exciting opportunities. Selection of Arts stream after 10th examination enables to pave the way for choosing some other gripping careers. This stream offers subject History, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, English, Hindi and Sanskrit for the higher secondary level. But one has to opt for four compulsory subjects in addition to English and a Modern Indian Language. If anyone has avid interest to pursue career in mass media, journalism, literature, sociology, social service, human psychology, politics, economics and history then they must be choose Arts stream after passing 10th examination.
Career option for Arts stream pursuer
After passing the higher secondary level examination a student can pursue Bachelor of Arts degree (BA) taking a special subject as the major subject. Some important major subjects which are offered by various colleges are history, languages, literature, law, philosophy, religion, performing arts, anthropology, communication, sociology, psychology and many more. After getting the graduation degree a student can do masters degree (MA) in their selected subjects. For further high qualification one can opt for Ph.D degree in their respective subject. I have given some of the attractive career option for Arts stream pursuer. These are as Psychologist, Counselor, Economist, Market analyst, Sociologist, Social Worker, Historian, Anthropologist, Human Resources, Personal Executive, Writer/journalist/Editor, lawyer, Media Personnel, School Teacher/College Professor/university Professor etc. Apart from these an Arts graduate student can apply for UPSC exams, IAS, Banking, insurance exams and gets good jobs.
DIRECTORATE OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT & ENTREPRENEURSHIP
State Directorate of Craftsmen Training is implementing two major programmes of Government of India, viz, Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) and Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS) (under Apprentices Act, 1961).
The objectives of the above schemes is to ensure steady flow of skilled manpower in industries and also to reduce unemployment amongst the educated youth by equipping them with the required skills, education and discipline for suitable industrial employment as well as self employment.
Both the above programmes are implemented through the following:
Industrial Training Institutes and Expansion Centre – On successful completion of training, a trainee shall get National Trade Certificate by National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and Trade Certificate by State Council for Vocational Training (SCVT) as per admissibility.Apprenticeship Training Scheme – On successful completion of training, an apprentice shall get National Apprenticeship Certificate by National Council for Vocational Training.
For further details https://www.goa.gov.in/department/craftsman-training/
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
Approved for another four years (2016-2020) to benefit 10 million youth
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL). Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.
Key Components of the Scheme:
1. Short Term Training
The Short Term Training imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TCs) is expected to benefit candidates of Indian nationality who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy. Duration of the training varies per job role, ranging between 150 and 300 hours. Upon successful completion of their assessment, candidates shall be provided placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs). Under PMKVY, the entire training and assessment fees are paid by the Government. Payouts shall be provided to the TPs in alignment with the Common Norms. Trainings imparted under the Short Term Training component of the Scheme shall be NSQF Level 5 and below.
2. Recognition of Prior Learning
Individuals with prior learning experience or skills shall be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme. RPL aims to align the competencies of the unregulated workforce of the country to the NSQF. Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), such as Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) or any other agencies designated by MSDE/NSDC, shall be incentivized to implement RPL projects in any of the three Project Types (RPL Camps, RPL at Employers Premises and RPL centres). To address knowledge gaps, PIAs may offer Bridge Courses to RPL candidates.
3. Special Projects
The Special Projects component of PMKVY envisages the creation of a platform that will facilitate trainings in special areas and/or premises of Government bodies, Corporates or Industry bodies, and trainings in special job roles not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOSs). Special Projects are projects that require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short Term Training under PMKVY for any stakeholder. A proposing stakeholder can be either Government Institutions of Central and State Government(s)/Autonomous Body/Statutory Body or any other equivalent body or corporates who desire to provide training to candidates.
4. Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
Social and community mobilisation is extremely critical for the success of PMKVY. Active participation of the community ensures transparency and accountability, and helps in leveraging the cumulative knowledge of the community for better functioning. In line with this, PMKVY assigns special importance to the involvement of the target beneficiaries through a defined mobilisation process. TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage; they are also required to participate actively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground activities.
5. Placement Guidelines
PMKVY envisages to link the aptitude, aspiration, and knowledge of the skilled workforce it creates with employment opportunities and demands in the market. Every effort thereby needs to be made by the PMKVY TCs to provide placement opportunities to candidates, trained and certified under the Scheme. TPs shall also provide support to entrepreneurship development.
6. Monitoring Guidelines
To ensure that high standards of quality are maintained by PMKVY TCs, NSDC and empaneled Inspection Agencies shall use various methodologies, such as self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, and monitoring through the Skills Development ManagementSystem (SDMS). These methodologies shall be enhanced with the engagement of latest technologies.
The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
For further information msde.gov.in/pmkvy.html